Toledo, Cebu

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Toledo
City of Toledo
Aerial view of Toledo
Aerial view of Toledo
Flag of Toledo
Official seal of Toledo
Map of Cebu with Toledo highlighted
Map of Cebu with Toledo highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Toledo is located in Philippines
Toledo
Toledo
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°23′N 123°39′E / 10.38°N 123.65°E / 10.38; 123.65Coordinates: 10°23′N 123°39′E / 10.38°N 123.65°E / 10.38; 123.65
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Visayas
ProvinceCebu
District 3rd district
Founded1861
CityhoodJune 19, 1960
Barangays38 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorMarjorie P. Perales (1Cebu)
 • Vice MayorJay B. Sigue (1Cebu)
 • RepresentativePablo John F. Garcia
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate120,481 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total216.28 km2 (83.51 sq mi)
Elevation
109 m (358 ft)
Highest elevation
981 m (3,219 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total207,314
 • Density960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Households
48,813
Economy
 • Income class3rd city income class
 • Poverty incidence17.20% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱1,817,972,360.52 (2020)
 • Assets₱6,381,947,884.99 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱1,640,400,745.59 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱1,364,875,207.65 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityCebu 3 Electric Cooperative (CEBECO 3)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6038
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)32
Native languagesCebuano
Tagalog
Named afterToledo, Spain
Websitewww.toledocity.gov.ph

Toledo, officially known as the City of Toledo (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Toledo; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Toledo), is a 3rd class component city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 207,314 people. [3]

Toledo City is bordered to the north by the town of Balamban, to the west is the Tañon Strait, to the east is Cebu City and Naga and the town of Minglanilla, and to the south is the town of Pinamungajan.

On June 18, 1960, Toledo became a chartered city under Republic Act No. 2688.[5]

Its patron saint is John of Sahagun and his feast day is celebrated every June 12.[6]

Toledo is 67 kilometres (42 mi) away from Cebu City and is widely known for its huge mining industry owned by Atlas Consolidated Mining and Development Corporation, which is the umbrella of Carmen Copper Corporation and its Toledo Mine.[7]

History[edit]

It is formerly known as Pueblo Hinulawan.

Second World War[edit]

In 1942 the Japanese Imperial forces captured and occupied the town of Toledo.

In 1945, local Filipino forces of the Philippine Commonwealth Army from the 8th, 82nd, 83rd, 85th and 86th Infantry Division aided by Cebuano guerrilla resistance fighters, battled against the Japanese Imperial forces and liberated the town of Toledo.

Cityhood[edit]

On June 19, 1960, Toledo became a chartered city under Republic Act No. 2688. It was made into a city through the efforts of then Congressman Manuel A. Zosa, representative of the old Sixth District Cebu, who authored Republic Act No. 2688.[5]

Although not as progressive as Cebu's other cities, it is unique in that it is the only city in the province on the western seaboard facing Negros Oriental – and therefore strategically located. (Danao, Mandaue, Lapu-Lapu, Cebu City, Talisay, Naga, and Carcar are on the east. One more city, Bogo City, is in the north, on the eastern side.)

Shrine of Saint Pedro Calungsod[edit]

Following the canonization on October 21, 2012, of Visayan teen martyr Pedro Calungsod (1672), the hilltop parish of Cantabaco became the first shrine and church named after the second Filipino saint.[8]

Geography[edit]

Barangays[edit]

Toledo is politically subdivided and comprises into 38 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[9]
072251001 Awihao 2.0% 4,207 3,823 0.91%
072251002 Bagakay 1.2% 2,485 1,690 3.70%
072251003 Bato 3.9% 8,173 7,585 0.71%
072251004 Biga 1.6% 3,327 2,076 4.55%
072251005 Bulongan 1.3% 2,647 2,359 1.09%
072251006 Bunga 1.9% 3,868 3,409 1.20%
072251007 Cabitoonan 2.0% 4,154 3,782 0.89%
072251008 Calongcalong 0.7% 1,535 1,327 1.38%
072251009 Cambang‑ug 1.8% 3,668 3,537 0.34%
072251010 Camp 8 1.2% 2,529 1,776 3.39%
072251011 Canlumampao 2.0% 4,170 3,523 1.60%
072251012 Cantabaco 3.5% 7,304 6,638 0.91%
072251013 Capitan Claudio 2.1% 4,311 3,877 1.01%
072251014 Carmen 1.9% 3,858 3,505 0.91%
072251015 Daanglungsod 1.4% 2,933 2,802 0.43%
072251016 Don Andres Soriano (Lutopan) 6.2% 12,764 15,333 −1.71%
072251017 Dumlog 2.6% 5,288 4,155 2.30%
072251024 Gen. Climaco (Malubog) 3.1% 6,337 5,521 1.31%
072251018 Ibo 1.8% 3,699 3,602 0.25%
072251019 Ilihan 1.5% 3,206 3,344 −0.40%
072251023 Juan Climaco, Sr. (Magdugo) 3.0% 6,279 5,568 1.14%
072251020 Landahan 1.1% 2,183 1,810 1.78%
072251021 Loay 0.7% 1,501 1,452 0.31%
072251022 Luray II 2.2% 4,640 4,391 0.52%
072251025 Matab‑ang 4.8% 9,868 9,124 0.74%
072251026 Media Once 3.4% 7,128 6,477 0.91%
072251027 Pangamihan 1.1% 2,333 1,653 3.30%
072251028 Poblacion 6.5% 13,383 13,492 −0.08%
072251029 Poog 2.9% 5,989 5,665 0.53%
072251030 Putingbato 0.7% 1,413 1,448 −0.23%
072251031 Sagay 0.6% 1,145 1,605 −3.13%
072251032 Sam‑ang 0.8% 1,719 1,649 0.39%
072251033 Sangi 2.0% 4,201 3,835 0.86%
072251034 Santo Niño (Mainggit) 2.6% 5,316 4,320 1.97%
072251035 Subayon 0.7% 1,432 1,153 2.06%
072251036 Talavera 2.9% 6,041 4,972 1.85%
072251038 Tubod 2.0% 4,128 3,329 2.05%
072251037 Tungkay 0.6% 1,173 1,471 −2.11%
Total 207,314 157,078 2.65%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Toledo City, Cebu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 70
(2.8)
49
(1.9)
62
(2.4)
78
(3.1)
138
(5.4)
201
(7.9)
192
(7.6)
185
(7.3)
192
(7.6)
205
(8.1)
156
(6.1)
111
(4.4)
1,639
(64.6)
Average rainy days 13.4 10.6 13.1 14.5 24.2 27.9 28.4 27.7 27.1 27.4 22.5 15.9 252.7
Source: Meteoblue [10]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Toledo
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 12,929—    
1918 25,244+4.56%
1939 34,413+1.49%
1948 39,225+1.46%
1960 63,881+4.15%
1970 67,727+0.59%
1975 76,521+2.48%
1980 91,668+3.68%
1990 119,970+2.73%
1995 121,469+0.23%
2000 141,174+3.28%
2007 152,960+1.11%
2010 157,078+0.97%
2015 170,335+1.56%
2020 207,314+3.94%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[11][9][12]

Economy[edit]

Toledo City is known as the "Copper City". Carmen Copper Corporation a subsidiary of Atlas Consolidated Mining and Development Corporation operates the Toledo Copper mine covering 1,674 hectares. The mine is located in Barangay Don Andres Soriano (Lutopan), Toledo City. The copper concentrate are shipped and delivered mainly to smelting factories in China, India and Japan.

Aside from mining, Toledo City is also known as the "Power City" as a handful of power providers are located in the city. Global Business Power Corporation (GBP) is a holding company that has become the leading energy provider in the Visayas region. It owns Toledo Power Co. (TPC) which owns a 60 MW and 82 MW coal-fired power plants in Barangay Daanlungsod and a 40 MW diesel plant in Carmen; and Cebu Energy Development Corporation (CEDC), a 246 MW clean coal-fired power plant utilizing Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) boiler technology also located in Barangay Daanlungsod. Another coal-fired power plant is AboitizPower subsidiary Therma Visayas, Inc.(TVI) which has a net capacity of 300 MW located in Bato, Toledo City. Aside from coal-fired power plants, a 60 MW solar power plant is located in a 73-hectare property in Barangay Talavera owned by First Toledo Solar Energy Corporation a subsidiary of Citicore Power Inc. a community-focused renewable energy company. The National Grid Corporation (NGCP) currently has two substations in Toledo City located in Barangay Calong-calong and Magdugo.

Other companies in Toledo City include Atlas Fertilizer Corporation and San-Vic Agro-Builders, Inc. to name a few.

Shopping malls are also present in Toledo like Gaisano Grand, Gaisano Metro and Prince Warehouse Club.

Leisure time[edit]

The barangays of Cantabaco and Poog [20] have limestone cliffs that local climbers have developed into popular crags for sport climbing.[21]

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ City of Toledo | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Republic Act No. 2688 (June 18, 1960), Charter of the City of Toledo
  6. ^ "Brief History of the Parish".
  7. ^ Carmen Copper Corporation
  8. ^ Philippine Star 2012.
  9. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  10. ^ "Toledo: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  11. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  20. ^ Poog Crag: A Brand-New Rock Climbing Destination in a Tropical Paradise
  21. ^ Adrenaline Romance, Cantabaco

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]